Author: Andres Paglayan

~ 01/08/11

Este un ensayo corto intentando explicar porque algunos círculos viciosos de corrupción son permanentes y tan difíciles de remover en la Argentina.

Vamos a considerar primero las variables más sistemáticas, entre ellas la carga impositiva y la corruptela institucionalizada.

En cuanto a carga impositiva, cualquier ciudadano argentino que tiene un comercio o que tiene un amigo que tiene un comercio, o que tiene un amigo o conocido contador, conoce empíricamente que a un comerciante le es imposible tener toda su economía “en blanco”, imposibilidad a la que se llega por una carga impositiva que sencillamente es inaplicable para una economía de escala menor.

Predeterminadamente y por ley, a la mayoría de los comerciantes les es prácticamente imposible tener un comercio y respetar y cumplir todas la leyes impositivas que surgen de la actividad.

Si el comerciante tratara de cumplir la ley impositiva para con ingresos brutos, IVA y ganancias, sus precios finales al consumidor quedarían totalmente fuera de la escala de precios aceptables por el consumidor y no tendría oportunidad alguna de venta. Para vender necesita adoptar una economía de por lo menos, mitad en blanco, mitad en negro, es decir terminar pagando aproximadamente el 50% de los impuestos mandados por ley.

La cantidad desmesurada de cargas impositivas en los salarios y la draconiana ley laboral fuerzan tanto al pequeño empleador como al empleado a aceptar un término medio, es decir un empleo mitad en negro mitad en blanco, si el pequeño comerciante pagase todas las cargas, sencillamente no podría contratar un empleado, y si el empleado demandara el 100% de las cargas sociales en blanco, tampoco podría encontrar un empleador que accediese.

Esta situación está tan intrínsecamente ligada a las operaciones diarias del comercio argentino que a cualquier persona involucrada sencillamente le llegan a parecer una situación “normal”

Los discursos oficiales apuntan al “si todos cumplieran”, sabiendo pero no considerando que el desequilibrio que las cargas impositivas imponen a los precios de mercado es sencillamente no sustentable y que los precios no pueden ser arbitrariamente inflados de manera desproporcionada para satisfacer una ley fiscal y que esta desproporción en el precio impuesto es per se causa suficiente para fomentar una doble economía, es decir mitad en blanco y mitad en negro.

Esto genera un acuerdo tácito al que cualquier contador público estará contento de referirse mientras su nombre no sea publicado, -”vos pagá algo y cumplí con las fechas que te dejan tranquilo”.

Es vox pópuli en el comercio argentino que no serían necesarios ni valdrían la pena los problemas administrativos y la ilegalidad de manejar una doble contabilidad si los impuestos fueran la mitad de lo que son. Permitiendo que todos paguen mas o menos lo mismo que pagan hoy, pero con una economía en blanco.

El cambio sería tan fácil que uno se pregunta por qué al menos no se ha experimentado en la economía nacional. La razón propuesta por este ensayo es extremadamente simple.

Al corrupto gobierno argentino le conviene que sus ciudadanos no puedan cumplir con la ley.

Una situación hipotética con un diálogo simplificado sería así:

Ciudadano: -”A vos, funcionario de gobierno corrupto te voy a denunciar”

Funcionario Corrupto: -”Ah, si? y qué, vos no robás? acaso no dejas de pagar impuestos? A ver dále, denunciame que te mando una integral”

El ciudadano promedio es forzado fuera de la ley por diseño del sistema impositivo y no sólo carece de “moralidad” y de tranquilidad de consciencia, si no que tiene un temor justificado a represalias contra su patrimonio.

Gracias a la ley impositiva la Argentina es un arreglo entre ladrones en donde sin saberlo a consciencia plena los ciudadanos forzados fuera de la ley toleran la corrupción de la que son parte.

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Author: Andres Paglayan

~ 18/11/10

Some disclaimers.

The TSA last perversion regarding body scanners prompted me to write this.

This information renders a summary from other internet sources, mainly Schneier essays, plus some ideas of my own that came with very little thinking.

This is a mere common-sense analysis to the uselessness of the TSA theatrical searches. And hopefully demonstrates that if there weren’t terrorists’ attack in the US during the last years is just because there weren’t serious intentions.

For the following points, think of a terrorist as somebody with at least a modest source of resources in money, training and intelligence.

It is very easy to by-pass identity check.

As Schneier explains on this post. One can buy a ticket with a stolen card, or bribe some innocent man in need of cash to buy a ticket for you. Get the boarding pass on-line. Modify it with any PDF editing tool to display the real name, and use this modified one to pass through the TSA identity-and-boarding-pass match check point.

The do-not-fly list is rendered useless.

Due to the easiness to flight with a forged ID, a subject who’s name is in the do-not-fly list can easily by-pass that limitation.

The worst vulnerability is brought to you by the TSA itself.

The most dangerous place to be in an airport is at the packed lines that form previous to an TSA check-point. At this locations you can find: More people than in a single airplane, all packed together. At this packed line, everybody is yet unscreened, meaning that the person next to you can be a suicide bomber, and blow the whole area if he/she wishes to do so.
This fact is exposed by several serious security experts.

There are many objects that can be converted in powerful weapons after the check-point, all with very little creativity and almost no resources.

The bayonet or metal knife.

Most carry on bags with wheels have two 24 inch long metal tubes that are used to rise the handle for when wheeling the bag. Almost all passengers clear these metal objects every time. In few minutes a knife-like sharp point can be produced by using a small knife-sharpener stone.

The blow gun with poisonous dart.

Although only diabetics with some kind of prescriptions or medical certificate are able to clear needles and syringes, these materials are freely and widely available at the airport bathrooms after the security check point, right inside the transparent plastic containers for disposing these needles. (yes, the containers are in plain sight).

With little manual skill, a person can build a deadly poisonous dart using one of these needled syringes, as it only needs the needle and some sewing thread to wrap around and make a dart tail. Getting some poisonous substance for a terrorist with resources is trivial, and since a few drops will do, passing it through the check-point is also easy.

For the blow gun anything can do, plastic marker pipes, o more oxymoronicaly, the plastic flag staff tube of a patriotic flag made in China, as always, purchased in a gift shop after the check point. The metal tubes of the carry-on, if rounded, can be used as well.

The broken glass knife

Again, just purchase any product that comes in a glass container after the check-point, and break it to create a glass cutting weapon. Wrap in tape to create a handle.

The metal-epoxy knife.

As Schneier points, done in few minutes at the airplane rest-room.

The martial arts expert.

For somebody well trained in martial arts, it is not difficult to put off several people in an airplane, specially when opponents are forced to come in a single line and not able to surround the subject.

The pass-whatever-you-like enclosure.

With the spread of laptops and hard drive external enclosures for extended storage anybody with a little tinkering can transform a hard drive enclosure in a 1 x 3,5 x 5 inches carry-whatever box. These type of objects are cleared thousands of times every day at the US airports.

Open it, empty it from all the parts, mode it with a micro SD memory card to retain data storage functionality, and stuff inside whatever. I know nothing about explosives, but If I have to believe what I’ve seen in movies, then depending on the material, 1 x 3,5 x 5 inches can be plenty of volume.

The only factors that keep security while in the air are not brought to you by the TSA.

  • The human race might not be so bad after all.
  • The pilot’s cockpit is behind a secured door.
  • The passenger’s will to live and protect fellows that is strong enough to fight any attempting hijacker.

The last TSA perversion so far.

Passengers are forced to choose between two search methods: The naked-body millimeter-wave scanners that render a vivid nude representation of a person, thus amounting to a virtual strip-search. Or if opted-out, the only option offered is an “enhanced pat down”. The enhancement consists in touching genitals or the genital area, and breasts if female.

This insane procedure is applied to children as well. Basically forcing children to be seen nude in a virtual strip-search or to be sexually molested without any reason by a federal employee. All with their parents witnessing and threatened to be fined and/or prosecuted if they protest or intervene against such abuse.

Since this measure was put in place because of the so called underwear-bomber, it is probably right to imply that if an attack is perpetrated or intended with an object and/or explosive that was hidden in a body cavity, then the TSA will start to submit all passengers, including children to a physical body cavity search.

Furthermore, as swallowing sealed pelletes is a technique known to be used by drug-smuglers, there’s then a reason to mandate a laxative purge in front of a TSA agent to avoid passing explosives or contraband in this way.

Some TSA Uber-Ridiculous Stupidities.

They check the pilots. Pilots are both, the last line of defense against an attack, and the only ones who don’t need any weapon to crash a plane. And personally, I’ll rather allow -properly trained- pilots to carry guns if they wish. [corrections] 1./ The pilots actually have a gun in the cockpit. The TSA recently decided not to scan pilots any more, (as you see, it took only 10 years for the TSA to figure out they shouldn’t)

As in the points explained above, most things the TSA says is looking for to stop are easily worked-around.

They don’t let you pass with a syringe, yet they are freely available to anyone after the check-point at the bathroom syringe disposal containers.

You can’t pass glass, yet you can buy it at the stores after the security check point.

The millimeter-wave scanner. Anybody with a serious intent will hide whatever material in a body cavity, namely rectum or vagina.

After all this search circus, cargo on the planes is not properly screened.

Again, after all this search circus, employees that work/access areas before the check-points are not scanned and/or screened.

TSA harms the air transportation industry more than they believe they help it, as more and more people avoids unnecessary molestation by not flying whenever possible.

Their $7 billion/year budget.

If TSA work is so easily proven useless, then why is it happening? Some hypothesis:

  • It is politically incorrect to criticize the TSA.
  • To provide the uneducated public with a false sense of security.
  • To use federal money to create jobs and lower unemployment. (There are better uses of $7 billion a year though)
  • To create government-inflicted terror (look in the dictionaries for definitions of “terrorist”) to manipulate masses.
  • To train the public to see next abuses to come as a normal thing to happen. (chip implants?)
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Author: admin

~ 24/11/09

Stimulus money.

Big and complex. If easy, it wouldn’t be such a drag nor material for intense debate.
Some abstractions can be made to see it simply and get at least a bit from it. Figure this: Bank lends to Person. Person cannot pay. Person loses house. Bank loses money. Bank can go kaput. Government gives people tax money to dumb Bank. Bank’s saved. Person’s not. How lame. That without considering the government overhead that implies giving money to the bank. What if the government just lends the money to Person? A win-win probably?

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Author: admin

~ 23/11/09

It’s mainly due to uncle Bob Martin’s twit on how lame we as a society become in terms of not speaking our minds due to unreasonable extreme politeness that I decided  stop procrastinating and write.

It is said we shouldn’t be talking or writing about politics, religion, abortion, drug legalization, gender changing, or other society sensible issue  if you want to keep friends.

When it comes to opinionated Ruby programming code bloging is more complicated. My friends and I can become quite judgmental and hurt mutual feelings, but friends are mine to keep as I love them and they probably do back.

I stand as a democrat but when it comes to guns, abortion and economy I divert from some of the core values.

In other venue of things I am not a mac nor a PC, but a Linux, with Ubuntu as my preferred distro. And btw, a vim rather than an emacs.
That said, Write on!

Keep tuned for more coming soon.

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Author: admin

~ 07/10/08

The bailout money buys from troubled financial companies bad assets that no one in its sane mind would buy. This is a survival ticket for the companies in bad shape. But when the worries are about credit, there is no way to guaranty that credit will exist because of saving the bad companies.

In a nutshell, the banks go like “thanks for buying this crap from me, I am not broken now. But I will be cautious about lending, and I won’t to those with poor credit”.

So, what are we solving, the bank bankruptcies or the credit chain? Yes, the first option only.

The right use of bailout money would be let the banks sink, and ensure that a pool of money exists to finance home buyers.